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Full text of "Discover the Dunes: Teachers Guide"

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Environmental Education 
Indiana Dunes 

National Lakeshore 




Introduction 



Indiana Dunes National 
Lakeshore preserves over 12,000 
acres of sand dunes, wetlands, 
forests, and prairie. These are 
within a two-hour drive of some 
eight million people, many of 
whom have never before visited 
a National Park. Nearly eighty 
years ago Dr. Henry Cowles 
began the field trip tradition in 



the Indiana Dunes by bringing 
his University of Chicago 
ecology classes to the area on 
the South Shore Railroad. In 
1980 nearly 50,000 people 
followed in their footsteps, 
coming by train, car, bus and 
bicycle for Ranger-led field 
trips. This guide will orient you 
to the opportunities available. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 



Contents 



• What WeOffer 1 

• Park Areas & Facilities 2 

• Park Map 8 

• Program Descriptions 10 

• How to Prepare for a Field Trip 14 

• Scheduling a Field Trip 16 



What We Offer 



Field Trips with a wide 
diversity of areas, trails, and 
experiences to choose from: 
lake and beach, moving and 
stabilized dunes, forests, 
wetlands, 'living history" at a 
turn of the century farm or a 
19th-century trading post. 

Environmental education 
activities designed to fit 
the group's interest and the 
teacher's curriculum. 

Special programs for 
disadvantaged, Spanish- 
speaking and disabled groups, 
bicyclists and joggers. 

Acclimatization activities, 
stressing sensory awareness 
and ecological concepts. 

Teacher workshops in 
environmental education 
methods and concepts (college 
credit available). 



Year-round activities, from 
pond studies in ]uly to 
cross-country skiing in January. 

Seasonal programs such as 
Autumn Harvest at the 
Chellberg Farm, Winter 
Explorations, an historical 
Christmas program and Maple 
Sugaring. 

Materials to prepare the 
group for their visit: slide/ 
tape programs, films, puppet 
shows, environmental 
education games and activities, 
area descriptions, and 
bibliographies. 

Accessibility by South Shore 
Railroad and other mass 
transit. 



o 
1 



ff-site programs for schools 
and other groups. 

nformation and assistance for 

teachers bringing groups on 
their own. 



Park Areas & Facilities 



Bailly Homestead — Chellberg Farm 

Here you can explore the cultural and natural history of the 
Calumet Region. Native Americans lived in the area for thousands 
of years. Joseph and Marie Bailly brought their family here in 1822, 
establishing a fur trading post. The Swedish immigrants Anders and 
Johanna Chellberg started their family farm nearby in the 1870's. 
Hiking the Bailly Trail you may visit the buildings of the Bailly 
Homestead and Chellberg Farm. They are being restored to their 
early 20th century exterior appearance; several are open to the 
public. An historic cemetery is located on the trail one mile north 
of the farm. Beech-maple climax forest thrives in the moist ravines. 

TRAIL LENGTHS: A) V/i miles round trip (includes Bailly 

Homestead and Chellberg Farm) 
B) 2Vi miles round trip (includes Bailly 
Homestead, Chellberg Farm, and historic 
cemetery) 

PROGRAMS: Forest Fcology, Historic Area, Chellberg Farm, 

Autumn Harvest, Maple Sugaring, Indian Program 
(primary grades), Christmas Program. 

FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, picnic area, indoor 

exhibits, trail brochure, handicapped accessibility to 
exhibit area. 




West Beach 

The West Beach area includes examples of many ecosystems found 
In the dunes. Here students can encounter a mixed oak forest, 
stabilized and moving dunes, blowouts, interdunal ponds, 
marshland, disturbed prairie, beach and lake. Several trails are 
available. 

TRAIL LENGTHS: 1/4 to 3 miles round trip 

PROGRAMS: Water Studies, Dune Succession and Ecology, 
Forest Ecology, Acclimatization programs. 

FACILITIES: Memorial Day to Labor Day: Concession stand, 
changing facilities, showers. Late May to Mid- 
October: Full restroom facilities, drinking water. 
Year-round: Sheltered picnic area, restrooms or 
chemical toilets. 



Mount Baldy 



Mt. Baldy is the largest living, or moving, dune in the National 
Lakeshore. The trail winds through an oak forest and stabilized 
dunes, eventually reaching the Lake Michigan beach. 

TRAIL LENGTH: 2/3 mile round trip 

PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Dune Succession and Ecology, 
Acclimatization Walks. 

FACILITIES: Chemical toilets. 




Ly-Co-Ki-We Trail 



The name Ly-co-ki-we is a Miami Indian word meaning "sandy 
ground." The trail begins on 14,000-year-old sand dunes, passes 
through wetlands which were once part of a glacial lake, and 
continues through an area recently swept by a forest fire. Beyond 
this the trail circles over 12,000-year-old dunes, through an oak 
forest, and back to the parking lot. 

TRAIL LENGTH: Vi to 3Vi miles round trip 

PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Acclimatization programs. 

FACILITIES: Chemical toilets, picnic area. 



Miller Woods 

Miller Woods is one of the most beautiful areas of the National 
Lakeshore, and it borders on a steel mill. Here open oak savannah 
grows on sand dunes dotted with interdunal ponds. Stages of dune 
succession range through pines and cottonwoods to the foredunes 
and beach. The area provides a prime location for discussing the 
interaction of industry and the natural landscape. 

TRAIL LENGTHS: 1-3 miles 

PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Water Studies, Dune Succession 
and Ecology and Acclimatization Walks. 

FACILITIES: None at Present. 











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Visitor Center 

The Visitor Center is the prime location for orientation to the 
National Lakeshore. Here your group may see exhibits, an 
orientation slide show, films, or other interpretive programs. A short 
trail in back of the Visitor Center loops through 12,000-year-old 
dunes and provides an ideal location for an introductory hike. 

TRAIL LENGTH: 1/3 mile round trip 

PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, First Visit to a Park 
Acclimatization programs. 

FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, auditorium, picnic area 
(tables only), trail brochure, paved trail, 
handicapped accessibility to building and trail. 



Cowles Wetlands Area 

The Cowles Wetlands area encompasses a variety of environments: 
bog, marsh, wooded dunes, and beach. The bog and surrounding 
marsh lands were designated a National Natural Landmark in 1965. 
In this area Dr. Henry Cowles did some of the first studies in plant 
ecology. All trips in the Cowles Wetlands must be accompanied by 
a ranger. Croups will not actually go into the bog, but rather will 
view it from a distance while exploring the interdunal ponds, 
marshes, and wooded dunes of the area. 

TRAIL LENGTHS: 2-5 miles round trip 

PROGRAMS: Water Studies, Dune Succession and Ecology, 
Forest Ecology (high school and older). 

FACILITIES: Chemical toilet 




Environmental Education Center 

The Environmental Education Center is a developing facility. At 
present it is available as an indoor classroom space with audio- 
visual equipment and work tables, to begin programs or for follow- 
up activities. Surrounding woods and marsh invite outdoor 
explorations. Self-directed learning centers enable students to 
explore and learn on their own. 

TRAIL LENGTHS: 7/4 to 2 miles round trip 

PROGRAMS: Energy, Winter Explorations, Forest Ecology, Water 
Studies, First Visit to a Park, Simulation Games, 
Acclimatization Programs, Teacher Workshops. 

FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, indoor area for lunches 
or meetings, learning center activity areas. 



Pinhook Bog 



Pinhook Bog is one of the most unique and fragile areas of the 
National Lakeshore. Located in a depression of the Valparaiso 
Moraine, it is a true "quaking" bog — a sphagnum peat mat covering 
what was once open water. The fragile nature of the bog ecosystem 
limits access to the area. 

TRAIL LENGTH: 1/4 mile round trip 

PROGRAMS: Water Studies (high school and older). 

FACILITIES: None at present. 




Little Calumet River Trail 

Accessible from the Bailly-Chellberg trail, the Little Calumet River 
trail circles through old fields, a pine plantation, and the Little 
Calumet River floodplain. The trail begins near the Bailly 
Homestead on Howe Road, crosses the river, and connects with the 
Bailly Cemetery trail. This trail provides an excellent opportunity to 
study the geology and ecology of the river and adjacent wetlands. 
Quiet groups in the early morning or late afternoon can sometimes 
see wildlife. 

TRAIL LENGTH: 3Vi miles round trip 

PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Water Studies, Indian Program 
(secondary grades). 

FACILITIES: Restrooms, exhibits, drinking water, and picnic area 
at the Bailly-Chellberg parking lot. 




Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore 



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LAKE MICHIGAN 





VALPARAISO \ 


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COWLES BOG 


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IONAL PARK AREAS 


JLLER WOODS 


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ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION 
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LY-CO-KI-WE TRAIL 


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MOUNT BALDY 


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SOUTH SHORE RAILROAD 



10 



Program Descriptions 



We offer a variety of environmental education approaches, tailored 
to suit the needs of the group and the educational objectives for 
that program. Students will participate in learning activities, explore 
their environment through many senses, and learn how to enjoy an 
area without destroying it. It is important that teachers and group 
leaders participate in the programs, and help maintain discipline. 
We hope that the group's experience in the Lakeshore will not only 
be enjoyable, but also fit into their ongoing educational activities. 

Virtually all of our programs can be enjoyed by groups with 
disabled individuals. We will work with groups to adapt programs 
and provide access. 

First Visit to the Park 

Our "First Visit" programs are designed especially for pre-school 
and 1st graders who have never visited the National Lakeshore, 
disabled groups who might find mobility a challenge, and other 
groups who desire a general orientation to the park. We begin with 
a look at "Special Places" by the National Lakeshore Puppet troupe 
and can include a film or slide show. A 1/3 mile trip on a paved 
trail (accessible to wheelchairs with assistance) completes the 
program. 

Dune Succession & Ecology 

The Indiana Dunes has a long history of being an outdoor 
laboratory for the study of ecology. Students today follow in the 
footsteps of Dr. Henry Chandler Cowles and join Park Rangers for 
an investigation of sand dune succession and ecology. The story 
begins with the geologic processes that have shaped the land. It 
then explores the succession of different ecological communities, 
plant and animal interactions, and human impact on the process of 
succession. Other elements are the flow of energy in natural 
systems and the ways plants and animals adapt to utilize available 
energy. We involve students and teachers in learning activities and 
sensory experiences. Programs for older students (jr. and sr. high) 
can include a quadrat and transect study to investigate the different 
ecological communities. 



11 



Forest Ecology 



Our Forest Ecology program examines the interrelationships 
between forest denizens and their environment. We investigate the 
"web of life" — a network of living and non-living things powered by 
the sun. Students learn how the sun's energy passes from green 
plants to plant eaters to meat eaters to the soil and back into plants. 
Other influences on forest life (fire, human use, etc.) will also be 
investigated. 

Visit an Historic Area 

People have lived in this area for a long, long time. The first 
inhabitants, Native Americans, were followed by fur traders, 
farmers, merchants and industrialists. Each group has left their 
distinct mark. An historic area visit will look at the way each group 
interacted with the land, what they took from it, and what they 
gave back. Students will handle historic artifacts and reproductions, 
and visit a log cabin or barn. On special arrangement the group can 
meet a costumed interpreter who will bring historical characters to 
life and allow the children to play the roles of the people that came 
before us. 

Visit a Turn-of-the-Century Farm 

Windmills and firewood for power, no blow-dryers or TV, toys made 
of wood, a 2-mile buggy ride to town, no supermarkets or fast food! 
All of these were aspects of life at the Chellberg Farm. Students will 
learn about life at a time when necessities came from the land 
surrounding their home. They will be able to compare turn-of-the- 
century farm life to life today. A program will involve students in 
various activities: a barn-raising using a mini barn model, farm 
chores including planting, weeding, plowing, feeding and 
watering animals, making folk toys, or playing old-time children's 
games. Energy is also an important topic at the Chellberg Farm. 
Students will look at the use of wind and sun power as well as the 
power supplied by humans and animals. 



Energy 



A variety of activities and media explore the world of energy. We 
look at energy flow through natural and built environments, plant 
and animal adaptations, and the laws of thermodynamics. Programs 
are based at the Environmental Education Center, and are adapted 
for all ages. 



12 



Water Studies 

The National Lakeshore has a variety of water resources available to 
study: Lake Michigan, interdunal ponds, the Little Calumet River, 
marshes and bogs. A water study program can include water quality 
testing, exploring plant and animal communities, investigating 
human impact on water resources, and sensory explorations. The 
role water plays in the total environment will be an important part 
of any water study, as will the water cycle and plant and animal 
adaptations to wet environments. Program participants should be 
prepared fully to participate (get wet and/or muddy). 



Indian Program 



Who were the native people in this area? What was their life like? 
How did they survive? Where are they now? These are some of the 
questions that will be addressed in our Indian programs. While 
hiking through areas where the Potawatomi once lived we will 
explore the lifestyle of the Indians, their origin, customs, ways of 
adapting to the environment, and their dealings with the fur-traders 
and other non-Indians. Students will play Indian games and look at 
Indian artifacts and replicas. We hope that students will come away 
from this program more aware and appreciative of those who came 
before us, and perhaps motivated to more gently "touch the earth" 
in their daily lives. 

Acclimatization Programs 

"Acclimatization is a program which helps people of all ages 
build a sense of relationship — in both feelings and 
understandings — with the natural world." 

— Acclimatization Experiences Institute 

Acclimatization programs help students get in touch with their 
world through participation in carefully planned activities. We offer 
ACC Walks and Concept Paths. ACC Walks are enjoyable ways of 
reawakening individual senses and sharpening perceptions. Concept 
Paths focus upon discovering ecological concepts such as 
succession, diversity, adaptation and energy flow. Both programs 
are available at several areas within the Lakeshore. 



13 



Simulations 

Simulation activities are available for upper elementary and high 
school-age groups; they can be done either at the Environmental 
Education Center or off-site. Simulations allow full participation, 
intensive interaction within small groups, development of problem 
solving skills, and peer presentations. The elementary-age activity 
involves park planning and land use, while the activity for older 
students weighs land use alternatives and environmental decision 
making. Three to four hours are needed for either activity. 



Seasonal Programs 



Special seasonal programs are offered throughout the year. They 
include: an historical Christmas program (Dec), Winter Explorations 
(Jan. and Feb.), Maple Sugar Time (March) and the Autumn Harvest 
(Oct.). We explore 19th-century French and Swedish holiday 
customs in the pre-Christmas programs at the Bailly Homestead and 
Chellberg Farm. Winter Explorations include investigations of 
animal tracks, winter adaptations, and snow studies. A special 
option for 5th and 6th graders is cross-country skiing. The regular 
program will be conducted on skis after an instructional session at 
the school. Maple Sugar Time allows students to investigate the 
process of making maple syrup and sugar from sap, at the Chellberg 
Farm. The Autumn Harvest, also at the Chellberg Farm, involves 
students in some of the harvest time activities on a turn-of-the- 
century farm. All seasonal programs are made by special 
arrangement; detailed descriptions and scheduling information are 
available on request. 




14 



How to Prepare for a Field 
Trip 



Preparation is vital for a successful and enjoyable field trip. 
Research has shown that well-prepared students can learn more and 
behave better. If you schedule a ranger-led activity you will receive 
a pre-site packet which will help you to prepare your students for 
your specific program. One general aid in preparation is integrating 
the field trip with on-going classroom activities: 

• Make it part of a unit of study; language arts, fine arts and social 
studies as well as science can be taught on field trips. 

• Involve your students in planning what to wear and bring. 

• Study the area you will visit; look at pictures, discuss the trails, 
plan to look for specific things on the trip. 

• Tell your students the plan for the day; how far they will walk, 
when they will eat lunch, what they can expect to be doing. 



We also ask the following preparation of every group: 



1 . Wear Clothing Appropriate for Outdoor Activities. Jackets or 
raincoats are necessary if it is cool or cloudy — especially on 
beach programs since lake breezes may be chilling. Platform 
shoes and sandals are dangerous and should not be worn. Old 
clothing is advised since you will be participating in activities 
which require sitting on the ground. Ranger-conducted programs 
may have to be cancelled if the group is not safely attired. 

2. Drinking Water Is Not Available Along Trails. Bring water for your 
group, especially in hot weather, even if you bring other drinks 
for lunch. We suggest reusable containers (thermos bottles, 
canteens or returnable bottles) for all beverages. 

3. Please Try To Be on Time. Rangers can wait only a limited 
amount of time for each group. If for any reason you are late or 
cannot make the scheduled appointment, please call as soon as 
possible. Even if your group is late we may have to end the 
program on time. If your group fails to show up at all and has not 
cancelled, it may result in withdrawing program privileges for 
your group for up to two years. 



15 



4. You Will Need to Provide Your Own Transportation. Please be 
sure that the drivers know where they will be going and how to 
reach the park. Don't confuse the National Lakeshore with the 
State Park. 

5. Please Provide at Least One Adult for Every Ten Students. This is 
necessary for the safety and supervision of the group. Be sure 
that the chaperones are adequately dressed and prepared; they 
should be physically able and willing to participate. 

6. If Anyone Is Allergic to Bee Stings We Must Know It Before the 
Program. Please have them bring their medication and stress that 
they, or the group leader, must be able to administer it. 

7. Our Programs Usually Include Games and Other Activities. We 

ask that group leaders and chaperones participate fully— no 
wallflowers please! 

8. Group Leaders Are Expected to Cooperate With the Rangers in 
Encouraging the Proper Behavior of the Group. The rangers will 
confer with the leaders at the beginning of a program. Extremely 
disruptive or unsafe behavior could necessitate the termination 
of a program. Leader supervision of students is necessary in all 
restrooms. 

9. We Are All Responsible for Protecting the Parks that We Use. 
Please Discuss the Following Rules with Your Students. 

a. Stay on the trail. This helps control erosion by preventing the 
destruction of vegetation. Exceptions can be arranged, but 
please check with a ranger. 

b. Leave the area as you found it, for others to enjoy. 

c. Plant specimens or parts of plants may be taken only with 
permission. (Exceptions are edible berries and mushrooms for 
personal consumption; with these, know what you are eating 
and leave some for the animals.) 

d. Fires are permitted only in grills and containers. Any coals 
must be carried out and disposed of properly. 

e. Some properties are still in private ownership. Please respect 
landowners' rights. 

f. If you pack it in, pack it out. Receptacles are provided for your 
trash. 

To help the field trip continue into your classroom, post-site 
activities are also provided with many programs. 



16 



Scheduling a Field Trip 



To Come on Your Own With Your Class: 

1 . We suggest that you visit the area yourself before bringing your 
group. Call us to have orientation information sent to you, or 
stop by the Visitor Center. 

2. Decide which area to visit and what the themes and objectives 
for the trip will be. 

3. Call the Lakeshore Visitor Center to let us know which area you 
will be visiting and when. If you are bringing a bus you will need 
to make reservations to park at many areas. 

4. Prepare your class. If you would like pre-site materials please let 
us know. 

5. Teacher workshops are periodically scheduled, to teach 
environmental education approaches and techniques. Call the 
scheduling office for details; college credit is available. 




To Arrange a Ranger-Conducted Activity: 

1 . Decide what you want to accomplish with your field trip. 

2. Select one or more options for program and area. Have 
alternative dates in mind. 

3. Call the scheduling office to make a reservation; try to call at 
least one month in advance. The office is open from 1-4 p.m., 
Monday through Friday. Approximately two weeks before your 
program you will receive a copy of the scheduling form for your 
group. The names of the rangers assigned to your program will 
appear on the sheet. Feel free to call them to discuss the content 
of your program. Please be aware, however, that these 
assignments change without notice. Any questions or changes 
regarding date, time, meeting place or number of participants 
should be directed to the scheduling office. Please bring the 
confirmation sheet with you when you come. During the summer 
it will be your "admission slip" to many park areas. 




Written inquiries or requests for programs should be sent to: 

Environmental Education 
Scheduling Office 
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore 
1100 North Mineral Springs Road 
Porter, IN 46304 

Telephone inquiries or reservations should be made with the 
Scheduling Office: (219) 926-7561 (from 1-4 p.m., Monday through 
Friday). 

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1982-555-165 



National Park Service 




Department of the Interior